Asset-based lending is a specialized type of financing that provides the borrower with a credit facility collateralized by specific assets of the borrower's business, typically inventory and account receivables. The lender in an asset-based transaction looks primarily to the assets of the borrower, rather than the borrower's revenues and profits in determining how much to lend.
EXAMPLE: Asset-Based Lending
A seafood processor and exporter pledged its inventory and accounts receivable (A/R) to obtain a credit facility from IIG to finance the complete cycle from processing to exports.
- The first stage of the financing is secured by inventory in the form of raw material and/or processed seafood. The inventory is stored in a warehouse controlled by a reputable international collateral management company and a trust to administer the process. IIG is the primary beneficiary of the trust.
- During the second stage, a security interest is granted to IIG for all A/R held by the trust. All invoices are confirmed by the off taker directly to IIG.
- The borrower issues a borrowing base certificate (the "BBC") detailing the loan balance and the amount of collateral held in inventory and A/R, prior to each request of disbursement.
- The off takers pay into a collection account in the name of the borrower held in the US, but controlled by the Firm.